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Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosphorus strait (which separates Europe and Asia) between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.
Its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives on the Asian side.
Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities and ranks as the world's 7th-largest city proper and the largest European city.
Founded under the name of Byzantion (Βυζάντιον) on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city developed to become one of the most significant in history.
and is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks.
This reflected its status as the only major city in the vicinity.
The settlers built an acropolis adjacent to the Golden Horn on the site of the early Thracian settlements, fueling the nascent city's economy.
In modern Turkish, the name is written as İstanbul, with a dotted İ, as the Turkish alphabet distinguishes between a dotted and dotless I.The population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them.Arts, music, film, and cultural festivals were established at the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today.Considered a global city, The name is thought to be derived from a personal name, Byzas.Ancient Greek tradition refers to a legendary king of that name as the leader of the Greek colonists.